Electrical response of the Summit-Greenland ice core to ammonium, sulphuric acid, and hydrochloric acid

first_imgElectrical and chemical analysis of the GRIP ice core from Summit in central Greenland confirms that the ECM current is controlled solely by acids in the ice, though there could be different responses for different acids. The dielectric conductivity is dependent on strong acid, on sea salt chloride, and also on ammonium concentrations in the ice. The response to NH4+ is similar to that of sea salt chloride, as they both conduct only at AC frequencies, but NH4+ is approximately twice as conductive per mole. The response to the strong acids shows results consistent with earlier work, with similar responses throughout the length of the core. It seems as if all the thousands of electrical peaks in the GRIP core may be explained by the response to just three chemical species: acidity, ammonium salts, and a third component which is probably chloride.last_img read more

Guest blog: The industry must engage with the cladding scandal – it’ll soon affect us all

first_imgAs campaigners lobby Ministers to intervene fully and rescue some 500,000 apartment owners trapped by the cladding scandal, senior industry figure Ed Mead joins the fray with his own tale.Many reading the press around this issue, lost in the miasma that is Covid, have probably been thinking “Thank God that’s not going to affect me”.Time to think again. Martina Lees’s excellent article in The Times reminds us that there are 1.5m properties potentially affected. If true it’s going to start to impact the wider market and unless the government does something, sooner than later.My eye-opening moment came when an ex-employee at D&G told me about his experience, trapped in a block with a new wife and baby, vastly inflated service charges and a £0 valuation.OK, he’s young and reasonably stoic, but in an era when home ownership is supposedly the dream, he’s in a very real nightmare with hundreds of thousands of others.Mentioning government usually elicits groans, but they’re the only ones with the legislative ability to do anything. It seems to me there are a few things they could consider.£4.4 billionEstimates to fix everything are of the order of £4.4 billion. But this is paltry compared to the tens of billions being thrown at Covid AND sorting the issue will guarantee work for years.The inability of mortgage companies to get an external wall system or EWS1 form attesting to the safety of the cladding is another problem so perhaps, at the same time they announce a mitigation plan, they could offer an indemnity to cover this issue off.The Times report shows up what an appalling job was done in fitting much of the cladding.Not just in terms of the actual cladding itself but the guff that was bunged in behind it. Some house builders will have been worse than others, but overall there must be some corporate responsibility and it might be thought reasonable if government sought some kind of wider levy on profits in the industry to kick start the national process.I don’t have a universal solution to sort this but pressure needs to build – it’ll affect us all.Read Phil Spencer’s recent viewpoint on the cladding scandal.EWS1 forms acm cladding cladding scandal Ed Mead October 2, 2020Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » Guest blog: The industry must engage with the cladding scandal – it’ll soon affect us all previous nextRegulation & LawGuest blog: The industry must engage with the cladding scandal – it’ll soon affect us allFormer D&G senior executive and now tech leader, says agents who think the problems faced by over 500,000 tower block flat owners will go away are mistaken.Ed Mead, CEO of Viewber2nd October 202001,232 Viewslast_img read more

USA: Gerald R. Ford Aircraft Carrier Takes Final Shape

first_img USA: Gerald R. Ford Aircraft Carrier Takes Final Shape View post tag: Carrier View post tag: HII View post tag: R View post tag: Navy View post tag: takes January 28, 2013 View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Ford View post tag: Shape Industry news View post tag: usa Share this article View post tag: Naval View post tag: Aircraft Huntington Ingalls Industries celebrated significant progress on January 26 as the 555-metric ton island was lowered onto the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) at the company’s Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS) division. The island will serve as the command center for flight deck operations aboard the first of the next-generation class of aircraft carriers.  “The Gerald R. Ford continues our tradition of building quality ships,” said NNS President Matt Mulherin. “It is our duty, our responsibility and–indeed–our great privilege because we know CVN 78 will provide American presence and diplomacy anywhere she is needed. She will be home to thousands of sailors, and she will keep President Ford’s legacy alive for future generations.” Susan Ford Bales, daughter of the late President Gerald R. Ford and Betty Ford, serves as the ship’s sponsor and participated in the event.“Shipbuilders–thank you for your extraordinary work,” she said. “You are a national treasure. Thank you very much.”Ford Bales also placed items under the island during the mast-stepping, an ancient Roman ceremony in which coins were put into the mast of a ship to ensure safe passage and good luck. Ford Bales placed a sandstone piece made of the same sandstone used in the construction of the White House and the U.S. Capitol. The piece was embedded with a unique coin designed by Ford Bales, as well as five official seals representing her father’s service to the nation. “The Gerald R. Ford represents an incredible engineering achievement—truly a wonderful blend of technical know-how and American heavy metal,” said Rear Adm. Ted Branch, commander, Naval Air Force Atlantic. “This ship will operate until about 2065 or beyond.”Gerald R. Ford is being built using modular construction, a process where smaller sections of the ship are welded together to form large structural units, equipment is installed, and the large units are lifted into the dry dock. The 60-foot long, 30-foot wide island represents the 452nd lift of the nearly 500 total structural lifts needed to complete the ship. At this stage in construction, Ford is about 90 percent structurally complete. “When the island is landed, Gerald R. Ford will take on that distinctive and unmistakable profile of an aircraft carrier,” said CVN 78’s prospective commanding officer Capt. John Meier. “Its profile will be easily recognizable; it belies the advancement of essentially every system aboard the ship. Simply put, this is not your father’s aircraft carrier.”The island is redesigned on Ford to incorporate the latest technology in flat-panel array radar systems and dual-band radar that provides improved functionality. It is shorter in length but stands 20 feet taller than islands on previous aircraft carriers. Its placement is 140 feet further aft and 3 feet further outboard than previous carriers to improve flight deck access for aircraft operations.The first-in-class ship also features a new nuclear power plant, electromagnetic catapults, improved weapons movement, an enhanced flight deck capable of increased aircraft sortie rates, and growth margin for future technologies and reduced manning.[mappress]Naval Today Staff, January 28, 2013; Image: HII Back to overview,Home naval-today USA: Gerald R. Ford Aircraft Carrier Takes Final Shape View post tag: Gerald View post tag: Finallast_img read more

Choppy waters

first_imgHere we go again, you might think, as press hysteria mounts around wheat prices. How did this come about, given that we are not facing touch wood a repeat of the terrible harvests of 2007/2008? The past two years have seen record stock levels high enough to handle the predicted drop in wheat supply following problems in Canada, Russia and the EU.One reason is that wheat has been viewed as a clever commodity to turn to, as the usually reliable gold and oil stocks defied predictions by failing to spark after the dollar fell and questions rose over deep sea oil supply. As news came through of wheat production problems, panic and fear fermented, which resulted in some big-money trader gambles. This has pushed world wheat prices up by 59% since the beginning of July (CBOT).Is it a blip?Most bakers couldn’t give two hoots about the vagaries of traders, except when it manifests itself on the balance sheet, as it will following Rank Hovis’ flour price hike. So is it a blip or a long-term trend? Larger bakers that have forward-purchased will find their palms less sweaty than those buying ad hoc. With many operating on six-month contracts, the short-term impact of flour hikes will be limited.Dutch financial services provider Rabobank predicts that if the raw material costs stay high after six months, bakers will be hit on margins, and what’s more, will find it hard to pass on costs to retailers. Private-label suppliers would be hit the hardest, and smaller players, without the benefits of bulk buying power, would be hit harder.Managing volatilityThe key will be how you manage your buying amid price volatility. “With wheat at a 24-month high, manufacturers’ purchasing decisions on whether or not to lock in the price will affect their competitive position, and increase the risk of margin pressure,” said Rabobank. Companies that have long-term strategic partnerships with their suppliers will have some buffer from the volatility. “If companies continue to dip into the market with tactical buying, they are at the whim of the market,” said Duncan Rawson, associate director at agrifood business consultancy English Farming and Food Partnerships (EFFP).As Britain’s biggest high street baker, Greggs had already forward-bought through to the end of the year before the spike, but believes prices are overheated. “We expect and hope that prices will come back down,” said chief executive Ken McMeikan. “The difference this time, compared to 2007/08, are that the reserves in the system are a lot higher. We believe this is a short-term over-reaction and a nervousness. At this time of the year we would normally be looking to buy for the first and second quarter of next year. It will probably force us not to go as far forward with the amounts we normally buy.”Not that forward-buying is any guarantee. “In 2008 we put our prices up by around 5%,” said Steve Simpson, production director at 35-shop Thomas the Baker, which buys flour a year at a time. “This time round we’re going to have to take it on the chin and our margins will be squeezed. People are very price-sensitive in North Yorkshire and the recession has hit this part of the world.”The backdrop to 2007/8 also saw high food inflation at 12%, while people still had money to spend. Now, an analysis by Verdict (see table) predicts products such as croissants will rise by as much as 11.1%, while mass redundancies and the VAT increase will make consumers even more price-sensitive.Moreover, the most immediate impact of food inflation will be felt in the price of bread and bakery products, said Verdict. “It’s going to be a lot more difficult for the supply chain to pass on prices increases,” added Rawson. “Farmers will do okay and retailers will be doing their damndest to protect margins. It’s those sitting in the middle of the chain the bakers and the millers who will be squeezed.”Torrid time aheadWhat’s more, bakers are in for a torrid time on all fronts: wheat, dried fruit (pg 6), cocoa and dairy have risen and sugar could follow, with Napier Brown recently predicting a 10% price rise over the next two years. Although commodity prices fell between June and July, UK wholesale prices for butter (unsalted) were up 59% year-on-year, bulk cream was up 51% and mild cheddar up 12% well above last year’s equivalents (DIN Consultancy).As British Baker went to press, signs were the wheat price was dropping back slightly after the Russian panic. But “for the first time since the 2008 food crisis, we’re producing less wheat than we consume,” added Rabobank.What is clear is that bakers need to plan for a volatile future.last_img read more

Billy Strings Brings His Prodigious Pickin’ Prowess To Prescott Park [Photos/Video]

first_imgYoung picker William Apostol, better known as Billy Strings, is currently in the midst of a busy summer tour schedule. On Wednesday, July 25th, Strings brought his youthful four-piece to Portsmouth, New Hampshire’s Prescott Park, the waterfront space complete with beautiful flower gardens and rabbits hopping through the crowd. The park’s stage was also set up for a play that’s currently running at the venue, so Billy and company delivered their two-set performance in front of a Dr. Seuss-like cartoon castle set.While tickets to the performance were free of charge, forecasts of rain kept the crowd on the smaller side. However, the rain ended up holding off, and those brave enough to bet against the weathermen were treated to a characteristically impressive performance from the 25-year-old Michigan native. In addition to a large selection of his original material and select covers, Strings’ New Hampshire performance included a rendition of the Grateful Dead‘s “Me & My Uncle” in addition to a pronounced “Dark Star” jam during the second set.Billy and his band have a handful of summer dates left, beginning today with a set at Twiddle‘s Tumble Down festival in Burlington, VT. Billy Strings has no plans to slow down after his summer tour. He recently released an extensive list of fall tour dates that will keep him on the road from the end of September through the beginning of December. For a full list of Billy Strings’ upcoming tour dates, head over to his official website.Watch fan-shot, side stage footage of Billy Strings’ “Streamlined Cannonball” encore below:Billy Strings – “Streamlined Cannonball” [Roy Acuff cover][Video: Jim Bauw]You can view a gallery of photos from Billy Strings’ Wednesday, July 25th performance at Portsmouth, NH’s Prescott Park below via photographer Vic Brazen (@wnwmedia)Setlist: Billy Strings | Prescott Park | Portsmouth, NH | 7/25/18Set One: Home of the Red Fox > Airmail Special, Turmoil & Tinfoil, While I’m Waiting Here > Pyramid Country > Train TrainSet Two: Dust in a Baggie > So Many Miles, Ernest T. Grass > Hobo Song, New Camptown Races > Unwanted Love > New Camptown Races, Meet Me at the Creek, Me & My Uncle > Living Like an AnimalEncore: Streamlined CannonballBilly Strings | Prescott Park | Portsmouth, NH | 7/25/18 | Photos: Vic Brazen Photo: Vic Brazen Load remaining imageslast_img read more

ND, SMC students injured in crash

A Notre Dame junior and a Saint Mary’s junior were taken to Memorial Hospital after a car accident on U.S. 12 in Niles, Michigan, on Saturday night.The hospital confirmed both students were still in critical condition Sunday afternoon.The car was heading east on a bridge over the St. Joseph River when the driver lost control and spun across the center line, where it was struck by a westbound car, Michigan State Trooper Jim McGaffigan said.Both students were entrapped in the car with injuries, McGaffigan said. While emergency workers were attempting to extricate the passengers, another eastbound vehicle struck a fire truck protecting the scene, which was pushed into the car with the students still inside it, he said.The students did not sustain any major injuries from the second accident, McGaffigan said.The University declined to comment on the condition of the students due to privacy constraints. However, administrators have remained in contact with the student’s family, University spokesperson Dennis Brown said in an email.“We keep their son and others injured in our prayers,” Brown said.The father of one of the students was driving the car and also taken to the hospital, McGaffigan said.McGaffigan said icy road conditions were likely the cause of both crashes. Alcohol is not believed to be a factor.Editor’s note: A previous version of this article said the driver of the car had been released from the hospital Saturday night. The driver was in stable condition, but stayed overnight in the hospital.Tags: car accident, Notre Dame, saint mary’s, students read more

Australia’s largest steelmaker inks major solar power deal

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享ABC:Australia’s biggest steel company is investing in a major new solar farm in a bid to cut energy costs and improve reliability.Bluescope and ESCO Power signed a seven-year deal in Wollongong on Friday, in what is the country’s largest-ever solar power-purchasing agreement. It will result in the steelmaker underwriting the construction of a 500,000-panel solar farm at Finley in the NSW Riverina region.Bluescope chief executive of steel products John Nowlan said power generated from the solar plant would meet 20 percent of the company’s energy needs. “As you can imagine, we’re a large user of electricity. What we’re balancing is the need for reliable power, low-cost power and clean power, so this is a step in the right direction on all those fronts,” Nowlan said. “We’ve been working very hard over the last few years to make sure that our steelmaking operations here in the Illawarra in particular are competitive,” he said.“Over the last couple of years our electricity costs have more than doubled, and they’ve gone up by something like $50 million over the last 12 months or so. That’s a significant increase in our costs, and what we’re trying to do is put downward pressure on our energy costs, and this arrangement helps us to do that.”NSW Energy Minister Don Harwin said it was a good example of the private sector taking action in arresting rising power costs.Large-scale solar farms have been popping up right across inland NSW, and Mr. Harwin said solar, along with hydro and wind, would lead the energy transition. “There’s no doubt the cost structure of renewables is changing. Once upon a time it was a very expensive technology. It’s now becoming very fast the cheapest new build,” Harwin said.More: Steel giant Bluescope turns to solar in largest power-purchasing deal of its kind Australia’s largest steelmaker inks major solar power deallast_img read more

Local bars ready for judicial campaign season

first_imgLocal bars ready for judicial campaign season June 1, 2002 Managing Editor Regular News Local bars ready for judicial campaign season Mark D. Killian Managing EditorA number of local bar associations have cranked up their judicial campaign practice committees in an effort to monitor and promote good, clean judicial races.Generally, the panels ask judicial candidates to sign a letter of agreement that they will be bound by the edicts of Canon 7 of the Code of Judicial Conduct and any procedures put forth by the campaign committees, and the panels provide fast advice or review of a proposed or actual campaign action.Lawyers involved say the monitoring programs work because they emphasize the importance of integrity and professionalism among candidates and the impact campaign conduct has on public trust and confidence in the judicial system.At least one local bar, however, has abandoned its effort, citing the limited repercussions for the candidates who choose not to participate.Mike Stebbins, who was instrumental in the creation of the Escambia/Santa Rosa Bar’s program, said it can be successful as long as the candidates buy in to it, and because it resolves disputes quickly.“I think that kind of immediate response really helps to keep the campaign on track. Otherwise if you file a complaint somewhere else. . . [such as with the Judicial Qualifications Commission] you are not going to get that type of immediate response, because the system is not meant to work that way,” Stebbins said.Ted Deckert, chair of the Palm Beach County Bar’s commission, said his panel spends a lot of time educating candidates about the rules that apply to judicial races.“The more we can do to let them know ahead of time what to watch out for and the kinds of mistakes that are often made by judicial candidates. . . the more we can do to prevent them from accidentally making a mistake,” Deckert said.Deckert also said the monitoring programs work well with the judicial campaign conduct forums, which this year are set for the first week of June in each circuit with contested races. Sponsored by the Supreme Court, the Bar, the chief judges, and the Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee, the forums emphasize the rules of campaigning and the importance of integrity and professionalism among candidates. (See story in the May 1 News. )Another value, Deckert said, is they make it clear that the Supreme Court will not tolerate rules violations.“Candidates for judicial office should be well aware that they win nothing if they win elections by violating Canon 7,” Chief Justice Charles Wells said in announcing the dates of this year’s forums. “They can and will be disciplined, and the discipline can include removal from office.”Jonathan Goodman, chair of the Dade County Bar’s program, which was created in 1986 and is considered the granddaddy of judicial campaign practice committees, said almost all candidates strive to do the right thing, and there are practical reasons for them to participate. Those who don’t, he said, run the risk of having the local press report their reluctance to participate.“If I’m a voter and I hear there are 20 judicial candidates in Dade County for certain open spots and 18 of them have signed the pledge and made the commitment and two of them haven’t, I might wonder what is wrong with those two candidates,” Goodman said.But the possibility of negative publicity didn’t prove to be a big enough incentive to get all of the Orlando-area candidates on board with the Orange County Bar’s program, and it has now been disbanded, according to President Mary Ann Morgan.“There were a couple of candidates who just did not comply, so it became quite a frustration for the other candidates who were trying to run their campaign in accordance with the desires of the commission, and then there were candidates who, frankly, thumbed their nose at it and did not do it,” Morgan said. “We were disappointed and so were the other candidates, because if your desire is to run an up-and-up campaign, then it becomes tough because you feel you are hamstrung and your opponent is not.”Bruce Blackwell, who in the past co-chaired the Orange County campaign commission, said during the last election cycle, which resulted in six contested races, all but two candidates signed the entire agreement vowing to follow the edicts of Canon 7 and to submit any complaint over campaign activities to the commission. One challenger to an incumbent judge agreed to follow the canon, but refused to allow the commission to resolve any dispute. The other, also a challenger, refused to sign the agreement.“As a consequence, because it was a local bar committee without any statutory or rule power from the Florida Supreme Court, we did not feel as though we could hear a complaint or enforce a complaint against those who did not agree to abide by the provisions,” Blackwell said. “And there were concerns that candidates who had not executed the document would initiate a lawsuit against those volunteer, senior members of the bar who would hear the complaint.”Morgan, who noted both candidates who refused to participate were defeated, still thinks judicial campaign practice committees are a “fabulous idea,” if the repercussions glitch can be worked out. Morgan also said for the program to be successful the local media has to buy into the idea and report on which candidates have or have not agreed to participate.Palm Beach’s Deckert also said the involvement of the local press is key because it is the “one lever” available to expose questionable campaign practices. He said the local press in Palm Beach County has been quick in the past to publicize the opinions released by the committee.Deckert also said the PBCBA has gone to great lengths to make clear its opinions are only advisory and rendered to provide guidance to the candidates.Dade Bar Executive Director Johnnie Ridgely said this year’s panel is in place and is waiting for campaigns to begin.“Until qualifying closes, you don’t know what you will have,” Ridgely said. “We have one race down here that has five candidates at this point and only one incumbent that has opposition.”Dade’s Goodman said all the candidates will be invited to a meeting where they will be asked to sign the pledge that they will abide by the Canon 7 rules.“We then serve as sort of a court in that we don’t reach out on our own and get involved in controversies even if we see something that might be inappropriate,” Goodman said. “We in effect wait for someone to file a written grievance with us.”Once the commission receives a written complaint, a copy is forwarded to the alleged offender for a response.“Most of the time the candidate about whom there is a complaint sends a response, and we turn that around almost immediately and send that response over to the person who filed the complaint, and then they sometimes file a reply,” Goodman said. “We then take all of that information,. . . convene the committee, and issue an opinion.”“We hope that we do some good, as it is a shame that we need them, but hopefully, as the years go by, our work will decrease over time to the point where they are no longer necessary.” Goodman said. “That would be a wonderful goal to reach.”last_img read more

Discipline delivers results

first_img 5SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Stuart R. Levine Founded in 1996, Stuart Levine & Associates LLC is an international strategic planning and leadership development company with focus on adding member value by strengthening corporate culture.SL&A … Web: www.Stuartlevine.com Details Discipline leads to success.   For organizations, this means staying focused on creating and maintaining a healthy culture, excellent customer service, the effective use of your team’s time and the consistent, rigorous progress toward your goals, regardless of the economic environment or uncontrollable events. Your organization’s success is a matter of choice, not circumstance.Discipline and self-control will give your organization power. The Latin origin of discipline (discipulus) means instruction, knowledge and learning. The concept involves self-regulation in order to improve. Those in a disciplined organization consistently act in accordance with values, long-term goals and challenging performance standards. They have the inner will to do what it takes to create a great outcome, no matter the difficulty. The disciplined leader accepts the harsh conditions of the uncertain, ever-changing world without excuses or complaints.Our clients see the importance of this disciplined, steady approach. For example, one of our healthcare clients who was seeking substantial improvement in patient satisfaction and outcomes set challenging multi-year goals within the context of a clear, smart plan. They made steady progress despite the fact that the economic and regulatory environment was in flux. State and federal regulations changed, especially as the Affordable Care Act was implemented. All through this difficult time, our client persevered, making steady improvement quarter after quarter. Dashboard metrics provided all levels of the team with the information they needed to advance. Discipline throughout the organization built teamwork and the management, communication and technology systems required for success. Confidence grew as the team saw consistent strides towards its goal. Yes, the environment was “harsh” with massive change buffeting the healthcare industry, but everyone’s disciplined focus brought steady progress in patient satisfaction and outcomes.For another client, the focus was on improving the use of valuable professional time. An important aspect was to optimally and effectively conduct meetings. A recent HBR study showed that the companies that most effectively used employee time, thereby boosting productivity, had a 180% higher total shareholder return over 10 years than those that were the least effective. Often, a lack of discipline allows unnecessary meetings to occur and even proliferate. In fact, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that unnecessary meetings cost U.S. businesses approximately $37 billion each year.We assisted our client in implementing an in-person and on-line learning program to teach the company effective meeting execution. With everyone on the same page, our client shifted its culture to a disciplined approach. Meetings only happen when required.   The norm is to consistently use well-planned agendas, limit the time allotted to a meeting, create an action- oriented plan at the end of each meeting and track follow-up execution. This discipline meant that overall professional interactions involved more strategic thinking and effective implementation of plans, not just in meetings, but also in the organization as a whole.Effective organizations do not abandon discipline for the sake of expediency, or when market conditions change or time pressures arise. Despite shifting economic or regulatory environments or the required shortening of planning cycles to achieve strategic goals due to the complexity of change, disciplined adherence to your steady approach will serve you and your organization in the long run. As one of our team members likes to say – “steady-Eddy” – the discipline to focus each day on steady progress towards achieving your goals despite external circumstances. As in the tortoise and the hare, the steady and sure wins the race.last_img read more

[Infographic] How culture is your credit union’s competitive advantage

first_img 25SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Every organization is searching for the secret sauce. What is it that is going to help you stand out from the crowd, especially when technology is changing so rapidly and, as a result, consumer expectations of your organization. Your credit union can uncover a timeless differentiator by focusing on building an engaged, mission-based organizational culture. Here’s how it works… continue reading »last_img