Hospital moves to alleviate ED crisis

first_imgTwitter Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival Print WhatsApp Limerick Artist ‘Willzee’ releases new Music Video – “A Dream of Peace” Facebook Previous articleCounting the costs of calories will effect restaurants – RAINext articleLimerick heroes to run for charity Bernie Englishhttp://www.limerickpost.ieBernie English has been working as a journalist in national and local media for more than thirty years. She worked as a staff journalist with the Irish Press and Evening Press before moving to Clare. She has worked as a freelance for all of the national newspaper titles and a staff journalist in Limerick, helping to launch the Limerick edition of The Evening Echo. Bernie was involved in the launch of The Clare People where she was responsible for business and industry news. by Bernie English [email protected] management at the University Hodpital in Limerick had to put an action plan in place this week as the numbers of patients waiting for admission on trolleys and in wards rocketed.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up The flu virus was one of the factors being blamed for the huge surge which saw a record 54 patients awaiting in-patient beds on one day this week.In a statement, a HSE spokeswoman said that the Emergency Department at the hospital had seen an increase in emergency presentations in previous days, which resulted in long delays for patients.“Amongst the key factors contributing to the increase in pressure within the ED is the increase of the flu virus and the older age profile of patients presenting along with the complexity of issues they have.  As a result, we are experiencing delays in discharging older patients home or to other appropriate settings,” the statement said.Hospital management apologised to any patient who had been waiting and reminded patients that the ED should be for emergencies only and injuries such as suspected broken bones  or sprains in patients over the age of five can be treated at local injury clinics in John’s, Ennis and Nenagh. WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Advertisementcenter_img Vanishing Ireland podcast documenting interviews with people over 70’s, looking for volunteers to share their stories TAGScrisisemergency departmentfeaturedlimerickUniversity Hospital Linkedin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR NewsBreaking newsHospital moves to alleviate ED crisisBy Bernie English – February 5, 2015 928 Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live Email Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed livelast_img read more

Revealed! The finalists for the England Golf Awards 2018

first_img The shortlist of outstanding finalists for the England Golf Awards 2018 is revealed today.They’ve been selected by the judging panel from a record-breaking entry which shines the spotlight on fantastic achievements in golf in England by volunteers, coaches, clubs and counties.England Golf Chief Executive Nick Pink said: “We were thrilled by the number and quality of nominations we received and delighted that so many people are helping us to tell golf’s great stories to the wider community.“Our finalists are all outstanding and we are looking forward to highlighting their successes at our gala dinner and to applauding our winners.”The winners will be announced on 22 February 2018 at the Awards dinner at the Royal Lancaster London. Tickets for the glittering, black tie event are just £85 each and include drinks on arrival and a three-course dinner with half a bottle of wine per person. Click here to book.The finalists are:Club of the Year sponsored by HowDidiDoBurghill Valley Golf Club, HerefordshireGarforth Golf Club, YorkshireLeeds Golf Centre, YorkshireStyal Golf Club, CheshireCoach of the Year sponsored by The PGAPhil Akers, The Belfry, WarwickshireAaron Lansberry, Hatchford Brook Golf Centre, WarwickshireAnders Mankert, Cosby Golf Club, LeicestershireMatthew Turnock, Mottram Hall Golf Club, CheshireCounty of the Year sponsored by SPORTS MARKETING SURVEYS INC.CheshireMiddlesexMost Welcoming Golf Club sponsored by American GolfBurghill Valley Golf Club, HerefordshireGarforth Golf Club, YorkshireGolf at Goodwood, SussexNorwood Park Golf Centre, NottinghamshireVolunteer of the Year sponsored by Players 1stJean Hooper of Bramley Golf Club, SurreySue Robertson of the Disabled Golf AssociationRichard Ward of Wrag Barn Golf Club, WiltshireJenny Winch of Test Valley Golf Club, HampshireYoung Ambassador of the Year in association with the Golf FoundationMegan Field of Hatchford Brook Golf Centre, WarwickshireJess Pinnell of Hatchford Brook Golf Centre, WarwickshireLiam Ridgill of Drax Golf Club, YorkshireGeorgina Wrixon of Ashley Wood Golf Club, DorsetChampionship Venue of the YearFelixstowe Ferry Golf Club, Suffolk; hosts of the English women’s county finals.Goswick Golf Club, Northumberland; hosts of the English senior men’s county finals.Manchester Golf Club, Lancashire; hosts of the Reid Trophy, the English U14 boys’ open championship.Performance of the YearEngland women’s team; winners of the European team championship for the second year in a row.Tommy Fleetwood, winner of the 2017 Race to Dubai, helped by two European Tour victories.Lily May Humphreys of Stoke by Nayland Golf Club, Essex; the British girls’, English women’s and European Young Masters champion.Alfie Plant of Sundridge Park Golf Club, Kent; European amateur champion, silver medallist at The Open and a Walker Cup player.The Lifetime Service Award sponsored by Bridgestone: the outright winner of this ninth category will also be recognised at the Awards dinner.Watch out for our series of New Year articles featuring the finalists. 17 Dec 2017 Revealed! The finalists for the England Golf Awards 2018 Tags: Award, England Golf, Finalistslast_img read more

Talk Jon Gruden with Jerry McDonald, Thursday at 1 p.m.

first_imgThe most veteran of Oakland Raiders reporters fields your questions and gives you his honest opinions during a live chat Thursday at 1 p.m.Are you on board with Gruden 2.0 or do you have your doubts? Here’s your chance to express them.To view our Raiders chat on your mobile device click here.Like our Oakland Raiders Facebook page for more Raiders news, commentary and conversation. For more Oakland Raiders coverage follow us on Flipboard.For complete Oakland Raiders coverage go to our …last_img

Bird Wings Found in Amber

first_imgThe modern appearance is empirical. The date is philosophical.All the science journalists are talking about the bird feathers found in amber (solidified tree sap). The unique specimens from Myanmar (formerly Burma), announced in Nature Communications, provide the clearest evidence yet for bird feather structure and color in fossils. The asymmetrical flight feathers, with claws on the wing tips, indicate that the extinct birds that were strong flyers. Some secondary feathers, tissue and bone were also preserved, including the alula. The remains are said to be mummified, but no original biological material was reported. The feathers show patterning with stripes and spots, and for the first time in amber, show attachments to bone, giving paleontologists additional anatomical details to work with.The bones are smaller than those of hummingbirds, yet show remarkable feather development. Noting claw scratches in the amber, the researchers from China and Canada surmise that juveniles, finding themselves trapped in the sticky resin, attempted to free themselves. Based on the geology of the site, they assign the fossils to an age of 99 million years, meaning that these birds flew over the heads of dinosaurs that had at least another 30 million years to go. At that time (according to the evolutionary timeline), these must have been enantiornithine birds—already flight-worthy but members of an extinct clade with teeth and claws. The authors also surmise that enantiornithine birds were precocious, maturing faster than modern hatchlings. Their anatomical description “should be treated with some caution,” they say, “given the potential for large-scale ontogenetic changes.”All the reports find the modern appearance of these feathers noteworthy:“Just as with feathers from modern birds, when examined in detail the feathers reveal barbs – the ridged formations on a bird’s feathers – and barbules – tiny hooks on the barbs – that allow the separate feathers to “zip” closely together to form a continuous flight surface so the bird can fly.” (Michael J. Benton, a co-author of the paper, in The Conversation)“Bone, tissue, and feathers show the almost 100-million-year-old wings are remarkably similar to those on modern birds.” (National Geographic)“…the structures and arrangements of the feathers were similar to those seen in modern birds.” (Rachel Becker in Nature)“These fossil wings show amazing detail. The individual feathers show every filament and whisker, whether they are flight feathers or down feathers, and there are even traces of colour — spots and stripes.” (Science Daily)“Moreover, the findings are the first concrete examples of follicles, feather tracts and bare skin from Cretaceous period birds, they said.” (Live Science)“It really looks like the common ancestor shared between modern birds and the Enantiornithes is exactly where many of the features that we see in modern bird flight evolved,” says Richard Prum at Yale University. (New Scientist)These feathers and bones look very modern, and fully flight-capable, except for the assigned age. Are the scientists certain they belong to the Enantiornithine group? The remains are not complete enough for a definitive classification, but “The extremely small size and osteological development of the wings, combined with their digit proportions, strongly suggests that the remains represent precocial hatchlings of enantiornithine birds,” they say. They may well be correct, but like Richard Prum noted, it pushes the origin of “many of the features that we see in modern flight” back into some “common ancestor” of Enantiornithines and modern birds into the unobserved past.The authors say nothing about evolution in the paper, but PhysOrg speculates, “The researchers are hoping further study will shed more light on the middle stage of the evolutionary development of flight—between gliding and full powered flying.”TV shows, books and movies continually portray birds taking off after the dinosaurs went extinct. We are told that “birds are dinosaurs,” the living remnants of the great beasts that morphed into parakeets over millions of years. The well-read know that numerous extinct birds, including Archeopteryx, are said to be 50 million years earlier than these fossils, so the more nuanced Darwinian tale is that birds had to figure out how to fly and take on modern looks for a long, long, long time, but immediately took center stage after the asteroid came and became everything from ostriches to hummingbirds to penguins lightning fast, all by accumulated mistakes. Ditto for mammals.But consider the tricks Darwinians play with the data. For one, they always find modernity earlier than expected, so they push the unempirical “common ancestor” of the traits further back in their scheme. Knowing that it’s impossible for a scientist to experience a million years, they use time as a magic wand for their miracles (mutations leading to powered flight being a prime example). The names they give to species and periods of time reify them, making them take on a significance beyond their empirical justification. What does “Enantiornithine” mean except “opposite bird” in Latin? Who called it that? Why? So what? Who cares? If scientists used the English equivalents and called them “Opposite Birds” at every turn, they would be laughed at. That’s the power of jargon. “Enantiornithine” sounds so… so scientific.There are birds with claws on their wings today, like the hoatzin. No modern birds have teeth, but teeth are arguably more complex than beaks, so why not say that modern birds devolved from their ancestors? Another trick is to focus on the trivia, like arrangement of the digits, and overlook the significa, the origin of powered flight. They strain at gnats to swallow camels. Watch Flight: The Genius of Birds and look what goes into flight muscles, skeletons, and those hooks on the feather barbules. How can anyone believe those are all accidental innovations that chance arrived at? Most deceptively, evolutionary scientists insist these modern-looking feathers are 99 million years old, when they know full well that increasing discoveries of dinosaur soft tissues, blood vessels and osteocytes scream out for younger ages (thousands, not millions).Nothing about the fossils “looks” 99 million years old. Without materialists’ obsession to shove all evidence into a Darwin-glorifying scheme, you might pick up this piece of amber, look at it, and think that a poor little bird got stuck in tree sap a few years ago. It takes wizards trained in Darwin’s dark arts to convince you otherwise. We think evidence should speak for itself.(Visited 96 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

One Young World Counsellors

first_imgBrand South Africa CEO, Miller Matola, pictured here with the One Young World counsellors at the organisation’s Pittsburgh conference. Johannesburg will be hosting the conference in 2013.last_img

South African cycling in 2013

first_img18 December 2013South African cycling enjoyed an excellent year in 2013. Daryl Impey became the first South African in the 100 year history of the Tour de France to pull on the famous yellow jersey, while South African educated Chris Froome won the Tour. In mountain biking, Greg Minnaar won a third downhill World Championship title, this time in his home town of Pietermaritzburg.Tour de France yellow jerseyDaryl Impey, riding for Oreca-GreenEdge, showed up strongly in the opening week of the Tour de France, helping his team-mate Simon Gerrans into the famous yellow jersey. Then, on 4 July in Montpellier, where Robbie Hunter had won a stage of the Tour de France six years earlier, Impey’s hard work to lead out Matt Goss was rewarded when he took over the race lead from Gerrans.“If you told me that I would experience this moment in my life, I would tell you you were lying,” Impey said in an interview after the stage.“It’s a dream come true, a magical moment. It’s a big day for South African and African cycling. This is a special day.”Impey held the jersey for two days before Chris Froome won the eighth stage and with it the yellow jersey, which he did not relinquish the rest of the way to Paris.Tour de France championWith Froome not only having been educated in South Africa, but also having begun his professional cycling career in the country, it was another big moment for South African cycling.Robbie Hunter retired from professional cycling in 2013, but not before he had won the inaugural Mzansi Tour. He showed his class and experience to take the overall victory by almost six minutes, thanks mostly to a solo breakaway on the second stage.UCI MTB Masters World ChampionshipsThe UCI MTB and Trials World Championships, which were preceded by the UCI MTB Masters World Championships were held on the African continent for the first time when Pietermaritzburg served as the host city in August and September.South African competitors shone in the Masters World Champs, claiming 10 gold, eight silver and 10 bronze medals.Nico Pfitzenmaier, Paul Furbank and Linus Van Onselen won gold in their age groups in the cross-country, while Nedene Cahill, Geneveive Weber and Natalie Bergstrom did the trick in the women’s competition.In the downhill, Chris Nixon, Myles Kelsey and course designer Nigel Hicks came away with gold medals, while Rike Olivier added a further gold in the women’s downhill.UCI MTB World ChampionshipsThe UCI MTB and Trials World Champs followed on from the Masters Worlds and there was intense pressure on Greg Minnaar, in his home town, to defend the title. In three previous World Cup events at the Cascades MTB Park, he had twice won and finished second on the other occasions, so the expectations were huge that he could win the sought after rainbow-striped jersey in front of a patriotic South African crowd.While riders from other countries picked up medals in the cross-country, trials and cross-country eliminator events, there was still a feeling among South African fans that their time would come on the final day of competition, when Minnaar would blast down the mountain in the downhill. He did not disappoint.Wild celebrationsGoing down third last, Minnaar led at the first split, but by the second split he trailed Australia’s Mick Hannah. With a massive crowd urging him on, he powered to the finish, sustaining a puncture, but keeping his head down, to better Hannah’s leading time by four-tenths of a second. The crowd erupted in cheers, but there were still two riders to come down the hill. Neither could match Minnaar and a wild celebration followed as the result he and his supporters had so wanted was achieved.Minnaar’s third World Championship title matched his three overall World Cup titles and confirmed his standing as one of the all-time greats of the sport.Burry Stander’s passingOn a sad note, South Africa should have had a strong challenger for the men’s cross-country title, but Burry Stander, second in the World Cup in Pietermaritzburg in 2012, was tragically killed in an accident while training early in January. His loss stunned the South African and international mountain biking communities.The former under-23 world champion was a much-loved and respected figure and his passing was observed by the establishment of a commemorative garden at the Cascades MTB Park in his remembrance, which was officially opened during the World Championships.Following Stander’s passing, his Team Specialized team-mate and Olympic cross- country champion Jaroslav Kulhavy teamed up with the South African’s regular Absa Cape Epic partner Christoph Sauser to win the Epic in Stander’s memory.World Championships silver medalAt the end of September, at the UCI World Championships in Florence, Louis Meintjies starred in the under-23 road race. He claimed the silver medal, finishing just three seconds behind the winner, and clear of the chasing peleton.Meintjies races professionally with Team MTN-Qhubeka, the first ever Professional Continental cycling team from South Africa, which made a big splash in its first season in those ranks.Memorable winMost memorably, Gerald Ciolek scored the team’s biggest win of the season in March when he overcame snow and rain to capture the Milan-San Remo Classic ahead of Peter Sagan and Fabian Cancellara. That victory announced MTN-Qhubeka as a team to be respected.“When Gerald won the Milan-San Remo, we were on the front page of La Gazzetta della Sport, Italy’s biggest sports newspaper. We were on the front page of Het Nieuwsblad in Belgium. We were in the Korean Times in Korea. It was phenomenal,” Team Principal Douglas Ryder said in an interview with SAinfo.South African-based Team Bonitas made history when they appointed Luthando Kaka their team captain in August, making him the first black South African to lead a professional cycling team.Ashleigh Moolman PasioAshleigh Moolman Pasio flew the women’s flag high. She achieved a first ever podium finish for a South African road cyclist in the UCI World Cup at the prestigious La Fleche Wallonne Feminine in Belgium, won the Boels Rental Hills Classic in The Netherlands, and finished a career high eighth in the Giro d’Italia Femminile, recognised as the toughest women’s stage race in the world.At home, early in the year, she confirmed her dominance by winning national titles in both the road race and time trial. Towards the end of the year she repeated the feat at the African Continental Championships.Para-cyclingSouth African para-cyclists excelled at World Cup events and at the Para-cycling Road World Championships in Canada, where Ernst van Dyk won two silver medals. Other top performers during the World Cup season included T1 tricyclist George Rex, C4 cyclist Roxy Burns and H2 cyclist Justine Asher.last_img read more

Change to Bundaberg Cup Conditions

first_imgTouch Football Australia (TFA) and Queensland Touch Football (QTF) have relaxed the entry requirements for the upcoming Bundaberg Cup. Due to an overwhelming response in the social competition category the requirement for teams across both the opens and social divisions have been adjusted to cater for the demand.The requirement for all players to be allocated to a current affiliate has been removed to allow players who are not currently participating in regular competitions to participate in the event. This change also allows players different areas to join together and enter their team.Queensland Touch Football CEO Jamie O’Connor noted it was important to maintain flexibility in meeting the market.“There is an appetite from the casual player to enter this event which we are really pleased with. In order to cater for that market we have decided to make an alteration to the Conditions of Entry. It is vitally important to listen to what our participants are telling us and it is clear that we need to open the event to all,” O’Connor said.This change will also apply to the open divisions of the Bundaberg Cup which now allows any group of players to join together and enter a team in the richest Touch Football tournament in Australia.The event will be held in Bundaberg on Saturday, 14 and Sunday, 15 November and is supported by Tourism Events Queensland, Bundaberg Regional Council and Bundaberg North Burnett Tourism.For more information or to nominate a team please click here. Related Fileschange_to_bundaberg_cup_conditions-pdfRelated LinksBundaberg Cuplast_img read more

10 months agoBarcelona defender Jeison Murillo: Bittersweet debut

first_imgAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Barcelona defender Jeison Murillo: Bittersweet debutby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveBarcelona defender Jeison Murillo admits losing on debut was “bittersweet”.Barca lost the first-leg of their Copa del Rey round 16 tie 2-1 at Levante.”It’s a bittersweet night,” Murillo said after the match. “The result is not the best.”We have to take advantage of Coutinho’s goal at home.”Murillo is continuing to integrate into the team and is listening closely to what Ernesto Valverde wants from him.”I’ve tried to fit into the group,” he said. “I’m taking things positively.”The coach keeps asking me to work.” last_img

Trudeau holds town hall meeting in Winnipeg faces questions about immigration

first_imgWINNIPEG – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau faced questions on immigration, pipelines and Indigenous issues — and dealt with a few disruptions — during a town hall meeting with some 1,800 people at the University of Manitoba Wednesday night.Trudeau was asked by some people whether he would boost the number of immigrants accepted into Canada every year.Some people had personal questions, such as one woman who said a Nigerian friend was facing deportation and faced great danger if she returned to the African nation because she is a lesbian.One questioner asked Trudeau whether he was concerned about the number of people crossing the border illegally and claiming refugee status.Trudeau responded that Canada has obligations under international treaties to give asylum seekers a hearing, but also has the resources to ensure that people who are deemed not to be refugees are dealt with appropriately.“We always make sure that security is the first thing that is checked,” Trudeau said.One woman interrupted another questioner by shouting out opposition to the Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion project that would carry diluted bitumen from Alberta through British Columbia.She swore at the prime minister and security before leaving.Another man asked Trudeau to respect the British Columbia government’s plans to ban increased shipments of diluted bitumen off its coast until it can determine that shippers are prepared and able to properly clean up a spill. The move would limit expansion of the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain oil pipeline.He then shouted that Trudeau wasn’t providing a direct answer.A woman criticized Trudeau for the federal government’s summer-jobs program that requires groups to respect abortion rights.The crowd applauded loudly and drowned out the woman when Trudeau said groups that specifically hire students to oppose abortion rights should not be federally funded.“There are certain groups that are specifically dedicated to fighting abortion rights for women and inclusion of LGBT communities. And that is wrong,” he said.“That is not certainly not something the federal government should be funding summer students to do — to roll back the clock on women’s rights. That’s not going to happen.”The meeting, which lasted more than 90 minutes, also saw Trudeau questioned on the troubled inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women.He was asked what he would consider a successful outcome.“Ideally, it will provide closure and healing for the families, a measure of justice for victims, and most importantly, show us how to put an end to this ongoing national tragedy.”Trudeau is to hold town halls in Edmonton on Thursday and in Nanaimo, B.C., on Friday.Note to readers: This is a corrected story to clarify concerns raised about pipeline.last_img read more

Quebecs daycare model provides inspiration for provinces to develop their own

first_imgMONTREAL – When it comes to affordable daycare, Quebec’s low-fee program is the envy of many a parent in other parts of Canada.Under the much-vaunted but polarizing program introduced in 1997, the bulk of Quebec parents pay but a fraction of the astronomical amounts their counterparts shell out elsewhere.Some pundits argue the Quebec model is too costly and fails to deliver, but others say the benefits of getting more women into the workforce and improving work-life balance help offset the annual $2.5 billion investment.But how exportable is the made-in-Quebec solution?One political scientist says Quebec’s lesson to other provinces is they should chart their own path and not wait for a federally driven daycare plan as some have in the past.“When the federal government tried to implement a national program, it met a lot of resistance in the different provinces,” said Olivier Jacques, a post-doctoral student at McGill University and one of three authors of a recent study published by the Institute for Research on Public Policy that examined Quebec daycare.“So maybe it’s better that each of the provinces does their own so they can make something sustainable.”In 2005, the Liberals under Paul Martin tried to implement a national childcare program, setting aside $5 billion and signing on with all 10 provinces before losing power to the Conservatives, who then eliminated the program.Some detractors have been critical of Quebec’s universal approach and believe the province should have instead targeted certain segments of the population. But Jacques counters the wide appeal has allowed Quebec’s plan to persist.“If a provincial government wants to make a program that will be politically robust and survive a change of government, they need to make sure the program will be broadly popular and covers most children and most parents,” he said.One factor that favoured Quebec was that the political divide in the province along federalist and sovereigntist lines meant the absence of a true small-c conservative opposition — the very type of government that historically has cut such programs elsewhere, Jacques noted. The other is that activists and proponents insisted the province promote such a program.In Ontario, where daycare is a hot-button issue in the current election campaign, Kathleen Wynne’s Liberals are pushing free care for preschoolers aged two-and-a-half and older, until they reach kindergarten at a cost of $2.2 billion over three years. The Conservatives are pushing a tax rebate program at a cost of $389 million per year.The New Democrats are proposing free child care for all families making less than $40,000 year and are aiming to have childcare costs average about $12 a day for those making more, drawing some similarities to Quebec. The price tag is around $11.4 billion over five years.What’s clear is the costs will be an obstacle for any province.Canada as a whole ranks near the bottom of OECD countries when it comes to childcare spending — roughly 0.2 per cent of GDP — while Quebec vastly outspends the rest of the provinces on daycare by a margin of about five to one.That’s where Jacques believes the federal government could help by easing the financial burdens on provinces to allow them to invest in affordable child care.In 2017, the federal Liberal government announced plans to spend $7 billion over the next decade to help ease the burden of childcare costs, including up to 40,000 new subsidized spots nationwide by 2019.Since the Parti Quebecois introduced $5-a-day subsidized daycare in Quebec 21 years ago, the daily fee has increased a few times.The Liberals also introduced a sliding scale three years ago, under which parents pay a base amount of about $8, and as much as nearly $22, depending on their income.The most popular daycares are the non-profit, subsidized centres known commonly as CPEs, which provide for trained educators and specific standards. But the number of spots — about 230,000 to date — are too few.In a bid to shorten those long lists, the Liberals have favoured expanding the number of private daycare centres — for-profit entities where parents pay upfront costs of $40 or more and benefit from federal deductions and provincial tax credits to bring the daily costs close to the subsidized system.The number of private daycare spots has boomed to 65,000 in less than a decade.That’s where the competing daycare narratives collide, says Universite de Montreal economist Pierre Fortin: while the province has seen the economic benefits of accessible child care, it is struggling to maintain quality.Fortin, himself a father of five, said the program has met one major goal of getting more women into the workforce. That has helped absorb the program’s expenses through increased tax revenues and transfers to families.The participation rate in the Quebec workforce of women between the ages of 20 and 44 stands at 87 per cent, compared to just 74 per cent in 1997. In a speech this year, Bank of Canada governor Stephen Poloz even credited the Quebec program for the percentage hike.In the same speech, Poloz noted the rate nationally is about 83 per cent.The federal government committed to increasing women in the workforce in the budget last February through a number of measures, but did not provide a solution to the childcare quandary.“All the research looking into the matter has concluded the main cause of increase in labour force participation has been the low-fee universal childcare program and the extended parental leave,” Fortin said.Fortin says the Quebec program has stumbled in overall quality. On average, the subsidized CPEs get very positive reviews for a highly qualified staff and environment, but the privately owned daycares offer a lower level of quality.That discrepancy was noted in a study released by the Observatoire des tous petits, a charitable foundation that studies child development.While the province’s subsidized educational childcare centres scored very well, the same couldn’t be said for privately held daycares or the other subsidized models.“The right verdict to give is that we have a two-tier system,” Fortin said.“One is spectacularly good but the other is spectacularly mediocre.”last_img read more