VLE 2 | From Coercion to Collaboration: Strength- Based Interventions for Military Couples Experiencing Domestic ViolenceSession 2Date: October 15, 2015Time: 11:00am – 12:30pm EasternLocation: From Coercion to Collaboration: Strength-Based Interventions for Military Couples Experiencing Domestic ViolenceAdrienne Baggs, PhD. and Bridgette Schossow, MA, LPC, CACII, will explore common approaches to working with domestic violence but also introduce how they intersect with a strength-based treatment model. Presenters will provide case study examples to further highlight the techniques shared.MFLN Family Development’s Virtual Learning Event (VLE) will host a professional development training session on October 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th. For more information about upcoming VLE sessions, click here.We offer 1.5 National Association of Social Worker (NASW) and Georgia Marriage & Family Therapy CE credits for each of our professional development training sessions, click here to learn more.For more information on future presentations in the 2015 Family Development webinar series, please visit our professional development website or connect with us via social media for announcements: Facebook & Twitter.
In building your production or post production business choosing whether to get an office can be a costly decision. Here are 5 reasons why you don’t need an office but shouldn’t work from home.If you’re a lone freelancer just starting out or a growing team of collaborating professionals, then getting an office space can feel like the next step in seeing your business really grow up. And while there are many benefits to renting office space, depending on the nature of your business and how you most commonly interact with your clients, it doesn’t have to be the only way to move your business out of the home/garage/shed/attic/bedroom it’s currently in. Here are a few thoughts on why you may need to get your business out of the house and into the big wide world.Image from MargayCoffee.com2 Good Reasons Not to Work From HomeAs someone who works from home very regularly I love it. I’m productive, focused and (fairly) good at switching off from work at the end of the day. Hoever, I know plenty of people who hate working from home. They find it lonely, isolating, tough to knuckle down and get work done or find it hard to maintain a ‘don’t bring your work home with you mentality’. It becomes too easy to spend just another hour or two getting that last little bit of work done…when you should be giving yourself a break.Deciding whether or not to work from home really depends on your personality and also what your home is like (if you live next to a school, building site or fried chicken shop it might not be the most tranquil of environments). Failing to make good choices based on what works best for you could really hamper your career and the day to day enjoyment of your working life.Secondly, working from home is really less than ideal for some clients. If you’re a freelancer working out of your bedroom, having your client sit on your bed while you review the project is probably not cool. If they’re a friend, they might not care, but it certainly doesn’t communicate a professional vibe.For a lot of my clients a remote review with Dropbox’d files works just fine. For attended edits, I prefer to work in my clients offices/studios, as it tends to speed up the process of signing off final details and getting graphics/logos and other client supplied assets sorted out much quicker. Whatever you do, the need for a ‘professional space’ will hopefully arise sooner rather than later.So if you shouldn’t work from home, then where should you work?3 Reasons Not to Get an OfficeOne of the main reasons not to spring for a brand new office space, replete with leather sofas and framed movie posters, is that it is an expensive and a long term commitment to take on. Yes it will provide you with the space you need to grow, entertain clients and store all your expensive equipment but it also represents a fixed cost you will need to meet every month, even if times are slow. If you are thinking of renting office space make sure you factor in things like insurance, heating and electricity bills, cleaning, Internet, furniture costs, etc, etc. All of these costs need to be covered in part, by each and every project you budget for. They can ultimately be eating into your profit margin if not carefully accounted for.Image from Dept of Coffee and Social Affairs, a great London based workspace.A businessman friend of mine vows never to own an office because he feels that its an incredibly inefficient way to own space. First of all you’re paying for it 24/7/365 even though you may only be in there (if you’re lucky!) 8-10 hours a day and not on weekends or holidays etc. He dislikes the idea of paying for that space when he’s not using it.Instead he has a collection of a wide variety of hotels, clubs, bars, cafes, restaurants and ‘meeting-spaces’ scattered all over town which he draws upon depending on the occasion:An important meeting with a first time client – a preferred table at a fancy restaurant.A vibrant brainstorming session with a team – book a hotel conference room for an afternoon.In only paying for space as and when you need it (the cost of a long lunch is a better deal than renting a cubicle!) and having spaces to cater for all occasions, this approach provides a much more flexible solution. One of my favourite coffee shops in London (The Department of Coffee and Social Affairs) has a great little meeting room you can hire by the hour (or just make a minimum food spend). This works well for client meetings with several people. Plus, they serve amazing coffee!Image from http://create.nacue.com/If you need something much more permanent then hub spaces are a collaborative, affordable and flexible way of moving your business out of your house but not into an expensive office. The growing trend of hot-desking (a desk, a chair, wifi) or hackerspace/hubspace (usually with communal creative tools like 3D printers or jigsaws etc) allows you to hire a desk by the day, week, month or year. Renting a bit of an office to share with others as and when you need it will be cheaper than renting a whole office, all the time.Shared spaces also provide a community of co-workers to interact with who might be ripe for creative cross-pollination. The animator who just moved in two doors down might be perfect for a pitch to a client or the composer across from you with the recording studio space might have the right tools for recording professional voiceovers.Image from FlickrIf your city doesn’t have a thriving hot-desking/hackerspace scene then think entrepreneurially and snap up a bargain. Some friends of mine are using a converted crypt under a church in the centre of town as cheap co-creating office space. Another friend pointed out a clever business opportunity the other day; find a local creche or daycare with extra space nearby and open up a hot-desking hub for parents dropping off their kids – they could even have lunch together.Approaching businesses, churches and facilities with space that isn’t always in use could unearth some really creative and innovative ‘office’ workspace alternatives.Are you using a coworking or collaborative workspace?Share your experiences (the positives and negatives) in the comments below!
Discover a myriad of ways that a Master Clamp can help your next photo or video shoot.If you don’t already own a few Master/Mafer/Super clamps you might want to invest in some for your video and photo shoots. The video above, by Rob Grimm at RGG Photo, demonstrates 8 ways you can use a Master Clamp. Even if you already use Master Clamps you may have never seen a few of these uses before.Follow along with the written tips below. You can see Rob’s photos on his website.Uses for a Master ClampMounting BackgroundsDouble Mounting a Background BarMounting a LightMounting a CameraMounting a Camera PlateMounting an External MonitorAttaching a Magic ArmMounting a Tray You can get “name brand” Master Claps for about $36 on B&H but you can get a cheaper one for around $20 on Amazon. We were especially surprised to see how many accessories could be utilized with a Mafer clamp. Unlike Gaff tape or spring clamps, MaferRemember, even if you have the best Master Clamp in the world it is only as sturdy as the stand it is sitting on. Instead of buying the cheapest light stands possible consider investing in sturdy C stands for added support.Know of any other ways to utilize a Master Clamp?Share in the comments below.
There are a handful of commonly used frame rates, each with their own purpose. Here is a quick guide to the industry standard frame rates and their purposes.Top image ‘NTSC / PAL Color Test Chart’ via ShutterstockDifferent mediums and different regions all demand different frame rates for different reasons. Let’s take a brief look at what it all means so you’ll be prepared to pick which frame rate is right for your next project.Film24fps, 48fpsMovies and other cinematic productions are generally shot at 24 frames per second. Only recently did Peter Jackson push toward double this frame rate when shooting The Hobbit Trilogy.The 48 frames per second format received mixed feedback, and has not been used elsewhere yet — though James Cameron is reportedly shooting his upcoming sequels to Avatar at 48fps. While the higher frame rate has been criticized for breaking immersion, it does provide a sharper image with less motion blur.Video/TelevisionNTSC: 30FPS, 60FPS PAL: 25FPSThe American standard for video has long been 30 frames per second, though for broadcast television it is actually 29.97 (see drop-frames below for explanation). 30fps was chosen for ideal synchronization with the 60Hz power standard of the United States.This format is known as NTSC. In Europe, the video standard is 25 frames per second due to their 50Hz power standard. This format is known as PAL. Online video is often uploaded at 30fps, and sometimes even at 60fps for action-heavy content.Drop-Frame TimecodesThe above example compares the Drop-Frame timecode (left) to a Non Drop-Frame timecode (right), slowed down. If you watch the 29.97 example, you’ll see that it skips two frames at the 1-minute mark.23.976fps, 29.97fps, 59.94fpsWhen color television was first introduced, the added signal caused interference with existing black and white televisions. Known as the Color Subcarrier, this signal provided hue and saturation levels, but was unfortunately visible on black and white televisions as a form of static. Slowing down the frame rate to 29.97 eliminated this static, and it has since become industry standard to broadcast in this format. This format is known as Drop-Frame, whereas 30fps would be called Non Drop-Frame.In order to compensate for this frame rate offset, a Drop-Frame’s timecode must skip frames 00 and 01 once a minute, with the exception of multiples of ten minutes. There are also Drop-Frame variations of 24fps and 60fps (see above). While this should be kept in mind when working with any video content, it is absolutely crucial in broadcast video.There is a lot more technical detail to how frame rates work, but with this knowledge you can at least identify them and choose which one is right for your current project. Did we leave anything out? Let us know in the comments below.
Adobe is changing the game for video content creators with Project Rush — a unified workflow solution integrating the Creative Cloud anywhere you need it.If you’re a new content creator, you have a plethora of choices when selecting an editing application. Programs like DaVinci Resolve, Media Composer, Final Cut Pro, and Premiere Pro offer professional tools for video creators. Most of these applications, however, have a steep learning curve. Adobe has addressed this problem with a new tool — Project Rush.Image via Adobe.Introducing Project RushAvailable later this year, Project Rush is the first all-in-one, cross-device video editing app that makes creating and sharing online content easier than ever. This integrated desktop and mobile solution automatically syncs all your projects to the cloud, allowing you to work anywhere, on any device.Harnessing the advanced power of Adobe Creative Cloud apps like Premiere Pro and After Effects, Project Rush delivers a streamlined and intuitive user experience. Simplified editing, color, audio, and titling are at your fingertips, while Adobe Stock integration and editable motion graphics templates allow you to get up and running quickly with endless ways to customize projects. Project Rush’s direct sharing functionality — optimized across all your favorite channels — makes it possible to share on social even faster.Announcing at VidConAdobe is offering a sneak preview of Project Rush at VidCon 2018. Get the very first look at the new tool in action during a product demo session with Maya Washington, also known as Shameless Maya, on June 23, starting at 11:30 am in Room 260.Throughout the show, Adobe will be showcasing how Creative Cloud video tools such as Premiere Pro, After Effects, and Audition help creators take their videos to the next level through a series of product workshops and panels:Crash Course: Creating Content with Adobe Creative Cloud — June 21st 11:30-12:30 pm Room 260Create Videos That Actually Grab Attention (with Project Rush) — June 22nd 1-2:00 pm Room 260Color Makes your Content POP with Premiere Pro — June 22nd 4-5pm Room 255Up Your Graphics Game with Premiere Pro — June 23rd 1-2:00 pm Room 255If you can’t make it out to VidCon this year, never fear. Adobe will be streaming interviews with top creators on FacebookLive throughout the show. These include the Gregory Brothers of schmoyoho and Laurie Shannon of The Icing Artist. Stay tuned to the Adobe Premiere Pro Facebook page to watch live.
Auto Reframe, Character Animator 3.0, and Premiere Rush app updates headline the latest Cloud updates announced at Adobe Max.Adobe Max, the company’s annual conference for all things in the vast Adobe Creative Cloud, is in full swing, and the announcements for new updates for Premiere Pro, After Effects, and the smartphone app Premiere Rush are already making headlines.The long-rumored Auto Reframe is perhaps the biggest feature in this batch of updates (which promises to be a powerful Premiere Pro tool that intelligently optimizes video for different formats, including vertical, horizontal, and 16:9). However, some major and minor updates for Character Animator; Premiere Rush’s TikTok uploading capabilities; and workflow updates for Premiere Pro, After Effects, and Audition should give Adobe’s video and audio editing apps a great tune-up. Let’s take a look at all the news coming out of Adobe Max.Auto Reframe in Premiere ProUsing the company’s artificial intelligence and machine learning technology — Adobe Sensei — the Auto Reframe functionality is finally available in Premiere Pro. The innovative feature helps video editors and content producers seamlessly reformat videos for different platforms and uses, like square (for Instagram), vertical (for stories), and 16:9 — or any other custom aspect ratio you might need.While this has been a work-in-progress for some time, the Auto Reframe should absolutely save time with individual clips or entire sequences, as it will analyze footage and intelligently apply panning and cropping even in the most jerky of shots or sequences. Increased Performance and SpeedPremiere Pro and After Effects both received performance boosts.For video editors and all-purpose filmmakers, Adobe has improved the overall performance, speed, and functionality of Premiere Pro and After Effects. Some of the highlights include a retooling in Premiere Pro that allows for improved playback for a variety of formats, including H264, HEVC, and Apple ProRes (with ProRes HDR running up to 10x faster). Premiere Pro will also see its Time Remapping functionality extended to 20,000% for a more robust degree of control for speed changes and ramping. Similarly, After Effects features updates and improvements for real-time playback for cached previews for faster iteration on motion graphics and with different motion graphic templates. After Effects VFX enhancements will include support for multiplayer EXR files for effects on individual layers of images for stylized and photo-real looks.Character Animator 3.0The Character Animator features new scene cameras, animation moves, keyframing tools, and more.One of the more innovative features released by Adobe in recent years, Character Animator has been a great app for combining motion-capture and multi-track recording with custom designed characters and 2D “puppet” creatures from Illustrator or Photoshop. With version 3.0, Character Animator promises to add even more rhythm and dynamic capture to all of your fun storytelling projects.The update will include new scene cameras, moves for animation, keyframing tools, audio triggers, motion lines, a “save version” feature, and other elements for better animation and enhanced dialogue.Premiere Rush UpdatesPremiere Rush CC users can now share videos directly to TikTok.While some in the film and video industry might be hesitant to adopt any manner of smartphone-based video editing (much less hear anything about it), in many ways, it’s the future, and Premiere Rush has proven to be one of the better options. So, for anyone in content creation for millennial- (or younger) focused companies or brands, you’ll be happy to know that Premiere Rush will be the first short-form mobile video app to allow sharing videos directly to TikTok.Other Video and Audio Editing UpdatesHere is a full list of the announced updates for this latest release.Premiere Pro:Auto ReframeImproved Layers workflowsFaster ProRes HDRTime remapping to 20,000%Audio gain to +15dBHDR 10 metadata export controlsAfter Effects:Real-time playback of cached previewsEXR productivity and performanceFaster shapesEnhanced ExpressionsFaster Content-Aware Fill for VideoBetter controls for Motion GraphicsCharacter Animator:Scene CamerasKeyframing toolsAudio triggersMotion linesSave VersionAudition:Improved multichannel audio effects workflowsPremiere Rush:Share videos directly to TikTok How to Download and UpdateIf you’re already part of the Adobe Creative Cloud, the updates should be available in the desktop application to download and update directly. However if you subscribe to individual apps, you can find the updates on the product pages below:Premiere ProAfter EffectsAuditionCharacter Animator Premiere Rush(Note: Adobe strongly recommends that all projects are saved and the apps are closed before updating.)All images via Adobe.For more video editing news, tips and resources, check out some of these articles below.7 Tutorials About Editing Audio in Your Film and Video ProjectsThe Best Video Editing Programs: Final Cut Pro vs. Premiere Pro215 Free Motion Graphics, Sound Textures, Social Designs, and MorePre-Visualizing Your Scene: The Pros and Cons of Set.a.lightFinding Perfect Music Is Easier and Faster with PremiumBeat
Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now If you’ve worked in a business setting for any time, you know that you are going to be challenged with adversarial people. Some of the adversarial people you will encounter will work within your own company. Even though you’re both wearing white hats, it can sometimes feel like they’re wearing a black hat. Sometimes the adversarial person you encounter lives inside your client’s organization. Heck, sometimes it can even be your client themselves!These adversarial people can cause serious damage to your overall relationship. But if you decide to treat them as if their adversaries, you can cause even greater damage to the relationship.My friend, Bob Burg, author of The Go Giver, has written a new book called Adversaries Into Allies. Bob’s book provides you with the killer framework for dealing with adversarial people. I interviewed Bob about the book on my In the Arena podcast last weekend, and you can listen to that here. I asked Bob to get into the tactical stuff inside the book because I think that’s what’s interesting and important.You need to persuade people who are adversarial. This book will help you if you have adversarial relationships within your client accounts, and if you have some adversarial relationships within your own company this book may help you even more.Adversaries Into Allies is finally available today. This link will take you to the book. If this isn’t enough to convince you, go to www.adversariesintoallies.com and download the first 28 pages free.You’ll thank me for this one.
There are some ways to tell if your hustle is strong or weak. Here are five tests for your hustle.
Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now I know. You’re mad at your operations team because they are failing your client right now. You don’t understand why it’s so hard to do what they’re supposed to do, and you are tired of taking calls from your client about your service failings. You wish you worked at a business where you never had to worry about execution. You can wish if you want to, but when you tire of waiting, this is a better plan.First, you need to check with your operations team to understand why they are struggling to produce the results your client needs. You need to listen without judgment, working to understand the root cause of their problem. If you start by blaming your team, you are focusing on the people and not the problem. If this is how you view things, you will always struggle to produce results. There are no perfect people (with absolutely no exceptions). Focus on the problem.Once you understand the nature of the problem, you continue helping them by asking what they need to do better. You may not feel that this is your job or that you should have to do this work, but because you sold the account, you must deliver the outcomes. You’ll also develop the relationships that cause your clients to get a lot of special attention when they need it. Focus on helping them.Whatever your team needs, you help them get it. If you need to work on your management or leadership team, you go to work selling them on behalf of your team and your client. If your client needs to change something on their side, you must go back and help them make those changes. Even when it’s difficult. Focus on communicating.You also need to keep your client abreast of what you are doing, your timeline for doing it, and when they can expect the outcomes they need. You do not own the transactions, all the things that have to be done for your client to get the result they’re after. But you do own the outcomes, and that means you have to be front and center, making sure things are eventually resolved.
Those who achieve their goals don’t wait for motivation, intrinsic or extrinsic.Not ExternalThey don’t wait to be inspired by some larger-than-life figure who seems to have all the answers to life’s biggest questions. They don’t look to their heroes to inspire or motivate them. And they don’t expect their manager, their leader, or their CEO to provide the spark that catches them on fire and compels them to take action.The truth of the matter is that people who succeed and achieve their goals don’t need extrinsic motivation to do their work.Not Exactly IntrinsicThose who produce extraordinary results don’t have to pump themselves up or psyche themselves up to do what they need to do. They don’t need their inner coach to talk them into working, whatever that work might be. Nor do they re-read their mission statement to remind them of—or reconnect to—their “why.”They don’t constantly remind themselves of why they want what they want or the contribution they intend to make. Instead, they do. Let’s call this the “Chuck Close Rule.”The Chuck Close RuleThe artist and photographer, Chuck Close, once said: “Inspiration is for amateurs—the rest of us just show up and get to work.” Of all the so-called secrets of success, this just may be the most important. Your ability to will yourself to act is what produces results, even if something, someone, or some higher purpose doesn’t motivate you.External, hyped-up motivation is fleeting at best. Believing you have to motivate yourself is an excuse. It lets you off the hook with the excuse that you “just aren’t feeling it.” And if you “just aren’t feeling it,” you won’t even look at your mission statement, let alone act on it.When you don’t feel like working, start working and notice how fast you get over your resistance to work. Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now
Pune: The Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), whose political fortunes are on the wane in Maharashtra, finally had some reason for cheer on Thursday after party leader Lalit Kolhe was elected as mayor in the Jalgaon Municipal Corporation.Mr. Kolhe was elected unopposed after erstwhile mayor Nitin Ladda resigned last week. Mr. Ladda is a corporator from the Khandesh Vikas Aghadi (KVA), an outfit floated by controversial Jalgaon leader and former State minister Suresh Jain. Mr. Ladda served as Jalgaon mayor for less than 18 months, after which he was instructed to step down by Mr. Jain. Political dealThe MNS taking over the mayor’s post is a result of a political bargain to share the post with the KVA. In 2013, the KVA, which was pitted against the BJP, emerged as the largest party in the 75-member Jalgaon civic body, winning 33 seats. It formed an alliance with the MNS, which had 12 corporators, to combat the BJP. Mr. Kolhe is only the second MNS leader to occupy the mayoral post from his party. Earlier, MNS leader Yatin Wagh was elected as mayor of the Nashik Municipal Corporation in 2012.Cheating caseIncidentally, Mr. Kolhe has been accused of polygamy by his former wife, and has an FIR under Section 420 (cheating) of the Indian Penal Code filed against him by the Mumbai Police. The MNS’s debacles in the 2014 parliamentary and Assembly elections and its rout in the civic polls in February this year have caused many to write it off as a major political force in the State. Internal bickering and haphazard campaigning has caused the party to implode, with many in its top brass defecting to the BJP or NCP.
The Uttar Pradesh Assembly witnessed noise scenes and uproar on Monday as Samajwadi Party members lodged a strong protest against a reported remark by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath against socialism. Soon after Question Hour, Leader of the Opposition Ram Govind Chaudhary said the Chief Minister, at a recent event in Lucknow, had referred to socialist ideology as promoter of terrorism, corruption and nepotism.‘CM should apologise’ “A statement to this effect from a responsible leader is condemnable… Socialism has also been discussed in the Constitution,” Mr. Chaudhary said demanding the CM apologise for his statement. Reacting to Mr. Chaudhary’s demand, State Parliamentary Affairs Minister Suresh Khanna said the Leader of the Opposition had incorrect information. “The Chief Minister respects Ram Manohar Lohia (socialist leader) and he has said this many times…He (Mr. Chaudhary) is wasting the time of the House by taking notice of what has been stated in newspapers,” Mr. Khanna said.At this, the SP members to rush to the Well of the House raising slogans. “Casteism was rampant during the Samajwadi Party government.. a particular caste was being promoted,” Mr. Khanna retorted. As the noisy scenes continued, Speaker Hriday Narain Dixit adjourned the House, first in phases, and later for the day. SP members were protesting against the Chief Minister’s reported remarks allegedly linking “samajwad to atankwad” as carried by a local Hindi newspaper.
The Calcutta High Court on Friday ordered the West Bengal State Election Commission to announce fresh dates for filing of nominations for panchayat polls. Polls were earlier scheduled in May first week. The court cancelled the poll body’s notification that quashed its earlier order of extending the nomination process by one day on April 10 and directed the Commission to issue fresh date for filing of nomination papersLast week, the court issued a stay on the filing of nominations following allegations of large scale violence by the Opposition parties.Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI(M)) leader Rabin Deb said they were “happy” with the order.Trinamool Congress claimed that the court had accepted their arguments and demands.The panchayat elections were to be held in three phases from May 1 to May 5 and the counting of votes was scheduled on May 8. About 5.08 crore electorate or 74 per cent of the electors will vote in the polls.
The Gauhati High Court has ordered four northeastern states to pay ₹3,00,000 each to the next of kin of 20 prisoners who died in captivity from 2012-2016.Jails in Assam recorded 16 of these “unnatural deaths” followed by two in Nagaland and one each in Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram, the court observed.The court had on September 17, 2017 taken up a public interest litigation on “inhuman conditions in 1,382 prisons” with a view to identifying the next of kin of the prisoners who died unnaturally between 2012 and 2015, and awarding adequate compensation in cases where payment is pending.The numbers of such unnatural deaths were subsequently collected from jails in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram and Nagaland – four states over which the Gauhati High Court has jurisdiction.On June 4, a Division Bench comprising Chief Justice Ajit Singh and Justice Achintya Malla Bujorbarua ordered the governments and heads of prisons of the four states to pay ₹3,00,000 to the kin of the dead prisoners.The Inspector General of Prisons, Assam, said in an affidavit-in-opposition that there were 16 deaths in the jails across the State. The next of kin of two prisoners had been compensated while the process for the remaining 14 cases has not been completed, he said.The advocate representing the State of Assam said the compensation would be paid within 30 days.Assam’s Principal Secretary for Home said four committees have been constituted for improving living conditions and mental state of the convicts in jails across the State.Officials representing Mizoram said compensation for the unnatural death of one Lalnunzauva on September 25, 2015 was paid in February 2017. Arunachal Pradesh too said it has sanctioned the compensation amount in the case of the death of two prisoners.Nagaland, however, did not report payment of compensation for the unnatural death of a prisoner. “We direct the State of Nagaland to immediately pay ₹300,000 to next kin of the deceased prisoner positively within a month from today (Monday)… Nagaland shall also positively inform the Registrar General of this High Court regarding payment and compliance of the order within four weeks,” the division bench said.
A six-month-old child, who was reportedly branded with a hot iron bangle on the stomach, has been admitted in a critical condition at a government-run hospital in Odisha’s Nabarangpur district, a doctor at the facility said on Monday.Debadutta Rana, a child specialist at the district headquarters hospital, said the boy was also suffering from severe pneumonia. “The branding left him with serious scars on the stomach. He is undergoing treatment at the Special Newborn Care Unit of the hospital,” he added.The child’s mother, Janaki Bhatra, said she and her husband had taken the child to a quack on Sunday as he was not keeping well.
Jammu & Kashmir’s regional parties on Monday described Governor Satya Pal Malik’s directive to officials to “compulsorily attend” the Republic Day functions as “enforced patriotism.”“Nationalism can never be dictated. There should be will for such events, not forced diktats. This clears how things happen and are happening in the ‘integral’ part. Patriotism can’t be enforced; it should be inherent,” said Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) leader Waheed Ur Rehman.Former independent MLA and Awami Itehad Party (AIP) Chief Engineer Rashid, terming the order “unconstitutional”, said, “Nationalism cannot be imposed on government staff.” Governor Malik has, in his recent directive, asked all government officers and officials posted at Jammu and Srinagar, “to attend the celebrations as part of their official duty.”“It is the duty of every government servant to attend the Republic Day function, which marks an important turning point in the history of the nation,” the order reads.Mr. Malik also directed that the Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Development Corporation Limited (JKTDC) and Jammu and Kashmir State Road Transport Corporation (JKSRTC) ferry the employees to the main venues at summer capital Srinagar and winter capital Jammu on January 26.Former chief minister and National Conference (NC) vice president Omar Abdullah, while taking exception to the order, said, “Attendance has been made compulsory in the past as well. In fact, late Mufti Muhammad Sayeed used State transport and police vehicles to bring supporters to show how much the situation [in Kashmir] was ‘improving’.”
Fixed above Saturn’s north pole is something as beguiling as Jupiter’s Great Red Spot: a hexagonal storm kept in place by a peculiar jet stream. Now, planetary scientists say that the rotation of the hexagon could most accurately reflect the length of Saturn’s short-lived day: 10 hours, 39 minutes, and 23 seconds. Like the other gas giants, Saturn lacks a solid surface that can be used to measure its rotation period; surficial atmospheric features at the equator move faster than at the poles. Many planetary scientists use magnetic-field radio emissions as a way to calculate the rotation period, because those emissions are assumed to originate from deep within the planet’s interior, where the rotation period is more constant. At Saturn, however, this technique has proved to be problematic: Those emissions differ by about 15 minutes between the northern and southern hemisphere. The hexagon could be the key to a more constant rotation rate. Publishing in Geophysical Research Letters, researchers combined images from the Cassini spacecraft spanning 5.5 years and found that the hexagon’s rotation period barely changed. They suggest that the storm, which could extend hundreds of kilometers below the surface, is intimately coupled with the interior, and therefore a good marker for the planet’s true rotation period.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
“Experts: Ebola Vaccine At Least 50 White People Away,” The Onion reported on 30 July. As so often before, the satirical story turned out to be prophetic. Until last week, there appeared to be little hope that any experimental drugs or vaccines might be used in the worst Ebola outbreak ever, which according to the latest statistics from the World Health organization (WHO) has already sickened 1711 people and killed 932 in four West African countries. But the cases of two U.S. Ebola patients who were treated with an experimental antibody cocktail have suddenly upset that international consensus.Just a few weeks ago, WHO said that using any of the experimental drugs or vaccines in the pipeline simply wasn’t in the cards, because none of them have been through a phase I clinical study, the type of trial in which medical products are tested on healthy volunteers to study their toxicity. “Using an experimental vaccine on human beings in the middle of an outbreak in this case would not be ethical, feasible, or wise,” a WHO representative e-mailed Science on 16 July.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)But yesterday, the agency announced that it is convening a panel of medical ethicists to discuss whether experimental drugs or vaccines could be used after all. The announcement specifically mentioned the questions raised by the cases of Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol, the U.S. health care workers who received a mix of monoclonal antibodies named ZMapp after they fell ill in Liberia. (Both were repatriated to the United States earlier this week, and both are recovering.) “We have a disease with a high fatality rate without any proven treatment or vaccine,” WHO assistant director-general Marie-Paule Kieny said. “We need to ask the medical ethicists to give us guidance on what the responsible thing to do is.”At a hearing held today by the U.S. House of Representatives’ Subcommittee on Africa, Global health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Tom Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, stressed that ZMapp represents more of a media phenomenon than a real scientific advance. “The plain fact is that we don’t know whether that treatment is helpful, harmful, or doesn’t have any impact,” Frieden says. “And we’re unlikely to know from two or a handful of patients whether it works.”Armand Sprecher of Doctors Without Borders in Brussels says if Brantly had taken a turn for the worse and did rapidly improve after receiving the antibody cocktail, as some news reports have suggested, it would be very unusual in an Ebola case.Sprecher concedes that the case—along with the loss of Sheik Umar Khan, Sierra Leone’s chief Ebola fighter, who succumbed to the virus on 29 July—is “food for thought,” and that he could see Zmapp or other products being used, for instance in an emergency clinical trial. Just a few weeks ago, Sprecher told Science that it might be counterproductive to bring experimental drugs or vaccines to the field; the affected population might see themselves as guinea pigs for Western companies, he said, which could increase hostility and complicate the fight against Ebola.Although he still has those worries, a bigger concern now looming is that the treatment given to Brantly and Writebol apparently isn’t being made available to Africans. This week, The Wall Street Journal reported that dying Liberian patients and their families are already asking for the therapy—and wondering why it appears to be for Americans only. “This is something that has made our job most difficult,” the paper quoted Liberia’s Assistant Health Minister Tolbert Nyenswah as saying.”The shoe is on the other foot now,” Sprecher says. “It’s not that we would inflict horrible things on them, but that we failed to inflict good things on them.””Things have clearly changed,” adds virologist Robert Garry of Tulane University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, Louisiana, who a few weeks ago had resigned himself—grudgingly, like many scientists—to the idea that no Ebola drugs or vaccines would be available during the current outbreak.Still, the challenges are daunting. Several drugs and vaccines have shown promise in nonhuman primates, but none of them have successfully made it through phase I human trials. (A few vaccine candidates did go through phase I in the past—one of them among volunteers in Uganda—but all were later abandoned for scientific reasons.)That didn’t stop the two American patients from taking ZMapp. As health care workers, they understood the risk, Garry says. In 2009, a German researcher who accidentally pricked herself with a syringe holding Ebola took an experimental vaccine that hadn’t been tested in humans either. (She didn’t get sick, although scientists don’t know whether the vaccine helped.) But whether products without any human safety data could also be used in Africa is a different question.There’s also the very practical problem of how much of any product is available. For instance, it’s unclear how much Mapp Biopharmaceutical, the company developing ZMapp, has in store. At today’s hearing, Frieden said did not know “definitively” how many courses were available. “I’ve heard that there are a handful,” he said, noting that he similarly did not know the quantity of other experimental Ebola treatments on hand. “This is rapidly changing information.” Frieden said the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is “currently coordinating” with other agencies to see whether they can make new treatments available.According to a scientist who knew the particulars of this use of ZMapp but asked not to be identified, the antibodies weren’t produced under good manufacturing practices, a set of standards to guarantee quality and safety of medical products. But the source told ScienceInsider that FDA approved its use in the two patients after a request from a physician at Emory University in Atlanta who used the expanded access rules, which allow the emergency use of unapproved medicines on a “compassionate use” basis.WHO hasn’t announced who will be on its ad hoc ethics panel, which the agency says may meet as early as next week. One of the things the group may discuss is guidelines on just how to use any experimental product. Some experts say any treatments should not be given on a compassionate use basis, but should be part of a carefully conducted clinical trial, so as to learn as much about a compound’s efficacy as possible. “Otherwise the worry is that we will have tried these drugs, including putting people through the potential risk of experimental treatments, and still be none the wiser about which are effective,” said Tom Solomon, director of the Institute of Infection and Global Health at the University of Liverpool in the United Kingdom, in a statement distributed today by the Science Media Centre.But unlike most clinical trials for new drugs, the drug or vaccine wouldn’t be compared with a placebo, Sprecher says. Given Ebola’s horrendous fatality rate—well over 50% in the current outbreak—doctors would give the real treatment to anybody who meets certain eligibility criteria, he says, and see whether the case fatality rate drops.Even the question of where to deploy a treatment raises difficult questions, Sprecher says. Normally, trials are set up in places where it’s easy to recruit patients and where there are resources, staff, and expertise to monitor them. But using an Ebola treatment in one town and not in others would immediately trigger protests, he says. “You can’t say: ‘Let’s try this at one site, and everyone else is the control group,’ ” Sprecher says. “You may have to do it at multiple sites.”WHO also has convened a committee to determine whether the Ebola outbreak constitutes a so-called Public Health Emergency of International Concern, a designation that, among other things, would allow WHO to issue travel recommendations to avoid spread of the disease. That panel, chaired by Sam Zaramba, a former official at the Ugandan Ministry of Health, will announce its decision at a press briefing on Friday.With reporting by Jon Cohen.*The Ebola Files: Given the current Ebola outbreak, unprecedented in terms of number of people killed and rapid geographic spread, Science and Science Translational Medicine have made a collection of research and news articles on the viral disease freely available to researchers and the general public.
THE WOODLANDS, TEXAS—A mysterious bright spot on Ceres, the largest object in the asteroid belt, is looking more and more like ice—and could even be emitting water vapor into space on a daily basis, Dawn mission scientists reported here today at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. The bright spot, simply called feature #5, had been noticed before by the Hubble Space Telescope as sitting within an 80-kilometer-wide crater. But the Dawn spacecraft, which went into orbit around Ceres on 6 March, is now close to resolving the feature, which is less than 4 kilometers wide (pictured). Andreas Nathues, principal investigator for Dawn’s framing camera, says the feature has spectral characteristics that are consistent with ice. Intriguingly, the brightness can be seen even when the spacecraft is looking on edge at the crater rim, suggesting that the feature may be outgassing water vapor above the rim and into space. “Ceres seems to be indeed active,” he says. The feature brightens through the course of the day, and then shuts down at night. Nathues says the behavior is similar to that of comets. Dawn should be able to resolve the feature completely, along with a smaller companion spot, when the spacecraft dips closer to the dwarf planet in mid-April.
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